There were punches thrown, limos set ablaze, and windows smashed amid violent protests in D.C. the day of President Trump’s inauguration.
But in Seattle the fury led to a shooting, as leftist radicals tried to shut down a speech by Breitbart.com tech editor Milo Yiannopoulos.
Liberal student activists at the University of California at Berkeley recently disrupted a public event featuring Metallica drummer Lars Ulrich, eventually storming the stage and assaulting a speaker, entrepreneur Marc Benioff.
It was a depressing, despicable turn of events.
Liberal, Crime, Violence, Fear, Politics, Terrorism, Vandalism
Tulane University police arrested two men and one woman late Saturday (March 23) after they allegedly set fire to a sign on a dorm room door. Conservative groups are calling the incident a politically motivated attack.
Robert Money, 21, David Shelton, 20, and Naima Okami, 20, each face one count of aggravated arson. The charge involves intentional damaging of property, by an explosive substance or fire, where it is “foreseeable that human life might be endangered.”...
Charlie Kirk, founder of the conservative group Turning Point USA, identified the resident of the dorm room on Twitter as Peyton Lofton, the organization’s “chapter leader” at Tulane. “The violent left is targeting students!” Kirk said in a tweet Saturday morning...
“It’s a sad day in America when radical activists are lighting dorm room doors on fire because they disagree with you politically,” Lofton’s statement said.
Pro-Abortion Assault: UNC Chapel Hill
The Forces of Love and Tolerance in Action
Video of a violent assault at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill appears to show a female student attacking a young man after becoming irate at the sight of anti-abortion signage.
An intern for the pro-life group Created Equal said on Facebook that he was the subject of the assault that took place while he was “peacefully talking to students about abortion,” adding that “violence from abortion supporters is becoming more common.” ...
According to The Daily Caller News Foundation, police confirmed the identity of 19-year-old Jillian Alexandra Ward, who allegedly attacked Beigel and struck him in “the face and stomach with her fist."
Ward’s Facebook account indicates that she fancies herself a “feminist,” “mental health advocate,” and “activist.”
Liberal, Crime, Hate, Violence, Assault, Law
A University of Missouri-Kansas City student has been charged with assault after interrupting a speech Thursday by Daily Wire’s conservative commentator Michael Knowles and spraying him with a substance.
“A UMKC student identified as Gerard G. Dabu has been charged with peace disturbance – disturbing schools or lawful assemblies; assault on law enforcement; and property damage. Dabu was arrested Thursday night and released on bond. Today, Dabu also has been charged with assault and resisting arrest of law enforcement and in the discharge of their duties,” a university spokesperson said in a statement to TheWrap on Friday.
Left-Wing Assault At UC Berkeley
The Forces of Love and Tolerance in Action
February 21, 2019
Strangely, actual violence on campuses (and elsewhere) seems to be the monopoly of the left.
Such as this incident at Berkeley today, where a student with a table on Sproul Plaza promoting Turning Point USA was assaulted. Notice that the leftist thug says the Turning Point person is “promoting violence,” while he is the only one throwing punches.
Democrat, Hypocrisy, Liberal, Hate, Violence, Racism, Justice, Assault, Law
Dr. Shiva Ayyadurai, an Indian-born American running as an independent against Sen. Elizabeth Warren, was shoved by a Warren supporter while speaking outside of an event in Great Barrington, Mass. on Sunday... He approached Ayyadurai, who began calling the man a racist. The man shoved the megaphone, which hit Ayyadurai’s face....
“The megaphone is a symbol of free speech and here this guy is shoving it into the face of a dark guy talking about race,” said Ayyadurai. “It almost shattered my left front tooth.”...
“He was carried away in cuffs and taken in for assault and battery and disorderly conduct,” said Ayyadurai, who noted his attacker wore a shirt reading “LIBERAL.”
Liberal, Crime, Hate, Violence, Character, Fascism, Academia, Assault
An alleged University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign employee disrupted a College Republicans meeting Thursday night and vandalized their property before cops dragged her away.
According to video of the incident obtained by Campus Reform, a woman identified by CR members as Angela King, an employee in the school’s Capital Planning department, barged into the meeting before proceeding to shove one of the presenters, Breelyn Mehrtens, who tried to persuade King to leave...
She proceeded to continue to march through the classroom, tearing up all of the materials belonging to the club and forcing them to pause their meeting while the police were called.
Love Trumps Hate...
Liberals in Berkeley
Burn Free Speech Sign
Saturday March 4, 2017
1964 - 2017: Berkeley Comes Full Circle
Hate, Hypocrisy and Sub-Human Behavior from The Left
Assaulted By A Leftist at UC Berkeley...
“I saw our sign ripped up, all our papers were on the floor, Hayden was covering his [injured] eye,” Castro told Fox News. “I said ‘Oh my God, what happened?’”
“He said that a guy had just punched him in the face.”
She added that when she tweeted about the incident, she received hateful messages from people applauding the violence.
“One woman called me a white supremacist,” she said. “I said ‘Wait, I’m Latina!’”
Liberal, Hate, Violence, Character, Degeneracy, Fascism, AntiAmerican, Assault
What initially began as a peaceful march in favor of President Donald Trump’s agenda at the University of California, Berkeley quickly morphed into a bloody riot as anti-Trump counter-protesters attempted to disrupt the event Saturday evening...
People wearing motorcycle helmets, goggles, gas masks, and bandanas punched, hit and pepper-sprayed the Trump backers. They also set off smoke bombs and fireworks, NBC News reported. American flags and red caps bearing Trump’s motto, “Make America Great Again,” were burned at the scene.
Liberal, Hate, Violence, Degeneracy, Fear, Fascism, Assault
A violent "mob" attacked controversial author Charles Murray and a Middlebury College professor as they left a campus building Thursday night following a chaotic attempt at a lecture, a college spokesman said.
Professor Allison Stanger was assaulted and her neck was injured when someone pulled her hair as she tried to shield Murray from the 20 or 30 people who attacked the duo outside the McCullough Student Center, said Bill Burger, a vice president of communications at Middlebury College...
Once Murray and Stanger were inside the car — and after Stanger had been assaulted — the crowd began jumping on the hood and banging on the windows, according to Burger... Stanger visited the emergency room for treatment of her injury and is now wearing a neck brace, Burger said. Murray was not injured, according to Burger.
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Crime, Election, Fascism, Protest, Academia, Vandalism, Trump
A pro-Trump rally at Penn State University went south when counter-protesters harassed their Trump-supporting classmates and vandalized their campaign signs... A video of the event shows protesters tearing down pro-Trump campaign signs and tearing them to pieces while Trump supporters explained that they were simply trying to peacefully promote their candidate.
"They don't know what they're talking about. You think it's OK that a Trump supporter gets beat up? It's embarrassing. The left has prevented the right from speaking. That's not American, that despotism."
Liberal, Election, Hate, Violence, Assault
A female member of the Gustavus College Republicans was assaulted by a male student for wearing a “Make America Great Again” hat shortly before Monday night’s debate. The incident took place on campus, right before the first presidential debate began, according to a press release put out by the Minnesota College Republicans... While the perpetrator of the assault has not been publicly identified, he is reportedly a male student at Gustavus College.
Mayor Bill de Blasio is a such a big believer in the free press that he let two bodyguards physically remove a credentialed Post reporter who had the temerity to ask him a question in public on Sunday.
The unusual muzzling unfolded at the start of the annual Dominican Day Parade in Manhattan, where the reporter sought de Blasio’s reaction to The Post’s front page story about his administration’s many meetings with lobbyists.
It also came after Hizzoner appeared on national TV Sunday to proclaim, “I believe in a free, strong media with diverse views — I’ll defend it with all I’ve got.”
-Kevin Sheehan and Bruce Golding
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Incitement, Violence, Character, Fascism, Protest, Academia
A video that showed University of Missouri protesters restricting a student photographer’s access to a public area of campus on Monday ignited discussions about press freedom...
As the video nears its end, the person taking the video, Mark Schierbecker, emerged from the scrum and approached a woman, later identified as an assistant professor of mass media, Melissa Click, close to the tents. When he revealed that he was a journalist, Ms. Click appeared to grab at his camera. She then yelled, “Who wants to help me get this reporter out of here? I need some muscle over here.”
Liberal, Crime, Hate, Violence, Character, Abortion, Assault
A woman is facing charges after police say she threw a Molotov cocktail at anti-abortion protesters who were standing outside of Planned Parenthood. Melanie Toney, 52, was charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon... The Austin Fire Department and arson investigators inspected the item that was thrown from Toney's car, and determined it to be a "gum out fuel additive" bottle and a burned piece of paper towel that had been rolled into a wick. Toney remains in Travis County Jail.
Liberal, Hate, Violence, Threats, Immigration, Assault
The incident recently occurred at a gas station in California while the woman was traveling with the Border Convoy, a group of Americans driving from the West Coast to Texas to educate the public on the dangers of illegal immigration. The amnesty supporter aimed his truck at her and revved his engine, according to Border Convoy member Eric Odom. “He literally moved his vehicle up to her and pushed her out of his way with his truck,” he said. “He then made it very clear that he didn’t support what we were doing.”
Environmentalist, Liberal, Hate, Violence, Threats, Energy, Protest, Terrorism, Assault, Vandalism
Anti-fracking activists hurled homemade bombs at the private Northern Ireland home of a shale gas worker — the industry’s first “terrorist-type” attack in Britain... “This was an orchestrated and abhorrent attack on a local family in the middle of the night. We condemn this latest attack that follows a number of unlawful incidents at our Belcoo site and threats that have been made to security staff,” said a spokesman for Tamboran Resources, the fracking company running the site.
Professor Melissa Click
University of Missouri
“Who wants to help me get this reporter out of here? I need some muscle over here.”
Yes, Wisconsin, the cradle of the progressive movement and home of the “Wisconsin idea” — the marriage of state governments and state universities to govern through technocratic reform — was giving birth to a new progressive idea, the use of law enforcement as a political instrument, as a weapon to attempt to undo election results, shame opponents, and ruin lives. -David French
Crime, Hate, Violence, Fascism, Abortion, Academia, Justice, Assault, Law, Vandalism, Theft
Even though she injured the teenager, Miller-Young defended her actions and told police she felt morally justified. She told police that images of aborted fetuses “triggered” her to act the way she did, and that she felt she had set a good example for her students by physically confronting the teenage demonstrator. Nevertheless, authorities warned that her actions constituted vandalism, battery, and robbery. Late last week, Santa Barbara officials announced that Miller-Young is being prosecuted for misdemeanor theft, battery, and vandalism in connection with her assault on Ms. Short.
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Crime, Hate, Incitement, Violence, Character, Fascism, Demagoguery, Protest, Academia, Feminism, Metaphor, Tolerance, Assault, Vandalism, Diversity, Pc, Theft
The UC Santa Barbara Police Department has released its official report on the confrontation between Professor Mireille Miller-Young and a group of anti-abortion activists... When asked by police if there had been a struggle between her and the activists when she took the poster, Miller-Young responded, “I’m stronger, so I was able to take the poster.” Miller-Young admitted to authorities that she probably shouldn’t have taken the poster but said she did the “right thing” because she believed the group was violating university policy and infringing on her rights.
Democrat, Liberal, Hate, Violence, Misogyny, Threats, Politics, Assault
“I intimidated them with my car,” Seltzer told police. He was charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon.
Liberal, Crime, Hate, Violence, Character, Abortion, Academia, Feminism, Assault, Theft
A department of feminist studies professor has been accused of going berserk after coming across a campus prolife demonstration that used extremely graphic displays, leading a small mob of students to chant “tear down the sign” before grabbing one of the signs, storming off with it, then allegedly engaging in an altercation with a 16-year-old prolife protestor who had followed the educator to retrieve it. The professor at the heart of the controversy is Mireille Miller-Young, an associate professor whose area of emphasis is black cultural studies, pornography and sex work, according to her faculty webpage.
In the latest example, at Dartmouth College, 546 American flags stood on a patch of lawn as part of a Pro-life display, each standing in for 100,000 aborted Americans since 1973... Next, a car drives up, does donuts over the Pro-life demonstration, driving over maybe 100 of those American Flags, and drives off. Then the irony. As he was driving away, the all-too-predictable “coexist” sticker was clearly visible on his bumper.
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Hate, Violence, Character, Fascism, Protest, Gay, Tolerance, Assault, Diversity
According to video shot by a witness, after officers leave the crowd continues to yell at and shove two religious protesters, one of whom is holding a sign that reads "Repent or Else" and "Jesus Saves from Sin." At one point, the video shows a 36-year-old Marysville man taking off his shirt and threatening the sign-holding protester... After a group of women try unsuccessfully to steal the protester's sign, a group of men grab onto it and pull him to the ground while the crowd applauds. That's when the video shows the 36-year-old run back toward the fight and punch the sign-holder in the back of the head multiple times.
Liberal, Hate, Violence, Character, Assault
Volunteers with the American Society for the Defense of Tradition, Family, and Property (TFP) were assaulted on September 5th while distributing literature in support of traditional marriage at Santa Rosa Junior College. TFP volunteers are participating in a 30-day tour of cities and colleges across California to educate the public on the importance of preserving traditional marriage. After shouting obscenities at a TFP volunteer, a supporter of same-sex marriage slapped him as he filmed the demonstration. Although he managed to avert the blow, the assailant hit his camera disabling the settings.
Liberal, Crime, Violence, Character, Protest, Terrorism
A Wisconsin activist was arrested Tuesday at the state Capitol building just hours before Governor Scott Walker was to deliver his State of the State Address to Wisconsin lawmakers. The man, Kvon R. Smith, had reportedly used Facebook to threaten to do harm at the Capitol. Law enforcement was ready for him and arrested him as he attempted to enter the building. Smith then reportedly claimed to have a Molotov cocktail in his backpack... Smith has also expressed support for the newest leftist movement, which previous Occupy supporters are beginning to flock to, named "Idle No More." Less than 24 hours before being arrested, Smith stated on Facebook: "I'm in support of the Idle No More Movement."
"We had members get pepper sprayed, sucker-punched and verbally and physically assaulted for voicing their opinions and beliefs."
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Crime, Hate, Union, Violence, Character, Racism, Tolerance, Vandalism
“It was terrible,” Tarver said of yesterday. ”I lost two tables, all my utensils, all my catering equipment, they smashed my buns, my coolers.” Tarver said that the union protesters assumed he was with AFP because he was in close proximity to their tent. Even though he repeatedly told them that he was not, it didn’t stop the union protesters from destroying his property as he stood by and watched helplessly. Tarver confirmed what other outlets have reported, that union protesters called him racial slurs and he explains that he just stood there and took it. Tarver said that Republican Michigan lawmaker Joe Hune is paying to replace all of his lost equipment and supplies.
The UC Santa Barbara Police Department has released its official report on the confrontation between Professor Mireille Miller-Young and a group of anti-abortion activists during which Miller-Young stole one of the activists’ signs, tussled with a teen girl trying to get it back, and then destroyed the sign with the help of her students.
Liberal, Hate, Violence, Misogyny, Threats, Politics, Assault
A man was arrested Wednesday after he was accused of trying to run down Rep. Katherine Harris and a group of supporters with his car. Witnesses said a silver Cadillac sped through an intersection and swerved onto the sidewalk. The car headed straight toward Harris before swerving at the last minute and driving off, according to police.
Liberal, Hate, Violence, Protest, Assault
New information has come to light on GOP protest organizer Iron Rail Collective -- the anarchist commune located in New Orleans -- and protest organizer "D-Bloc". Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal's staffer and her boyfriend were beaten outside of the event. The Hayride has published extensive web research has uncovered D-Bloc's identity as one Dylan Barr, self-described as a worker at the Iron Rail Collective bookstore in New Orleans.
Crime, Union, Violence, Character, Threats, Assault, Vandalism
LONGVIEW, Wash. (AP) — Hundreds of Longshoremen stormed the Port of Longview early Thursday, overpowered and held security guards, damaged railroad cars, and dumped grain that is the center of a labor dispute, said Longview Police Chief Jim Duscha. Six guards were held hostage for a couple of hours after 500 or more Longshoremen broke down gates about 4:30 a.m. and smashed windows in the guard shack, he said.
Liberal, Crime, Hate, Union, Violence, Smears, Protest, Teaparty
Sacramento’s ABC News 10 reported on the union rally and Tea Party counter rally in Sacramento today. ABC’s online report makes cursory mention of an incident of union violence directed at Tea Party activist Rodney Stanhope: “Police cited one man for battery after he allegedly shoved a tea party supporter.”
I spoke to Stanhope, as he drove to the hospital for x-rays and treatment for the injuries sustained at the rally, and asked him what happened. Mr. Stanhope said that he was with a group of about 150 Tea Party activists across the street from the MoveOn.org-organized union rally. A union man with a bullhorn, Richard Andazola, 28, was yelling across the street at the Tea Party activists, calling them “fascists.”
Swarthmore’s activists signaled a radicalization of their movement on May 4 when they forcibly seized control of an open Board of Managers meeting, issued demands and ejected conservative students, while Swarthmore’s president Rebecca Chopp stood by and did nothing. Video of this ugly incident has been passed around the Internet as if it’s something to brag about. -Stanley Kurtz
Liberal, Character, Smears, Protest, Vandalism
The store manager of a Chick-fil-A in Torrance says the restaurant was targeted by vandals overnight. KNX 1070′s John Brooks reports a message that read “Tastes Like Hate” with a painting of a cow was discovered early Friday morning at the store located at 18200 Hawthorne Boulevard.
Liberal, Hate, Union, Violence, Character, Racism, Politics
He shouted at me, “What kind of nigger are you?!” Then, he grabbed my board, so I quickly grabbed it back, then the man punched me in the face and charged at me . I put my hands up to block the second blow from the large man, when two other people from that group grabbed me and threw me to the ground and started punching and kicking me. I was kicked in the head and in the back, legs and buttocks. Then a white woman ran up to me while I was on the ground and began kicking me in my head as well. A few people came to my rescue for which I am forever grateful.
Crime, Union, Violence, Character, Assault
While reporting outside the Wisconsin state capital, FOX News correspondent Mike Tobin is struck by a pro-union protester. The demonstrators were chanting "FOX News lies."
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Violence, AntiAmerican, Protest, Assault
At the McCain Mall in North Little Rock, a middle-aged man came up from behind the group as they calmly prayed the rosary. First he said, “Praise be Mary,” giving the impression he was friendly. Next he shouted, “Get the hell out of here!” and rushed our American flag bearer Elias Bartel, knocking him off his feet with a violent blow. Old Glory fell over, but not completely because the 19-foot flag pole caught a power line on the way down and was quickly recovered and set upright again... “I’m bruised, but not about to give up,” Guerra remarked. “The attacker’s behavior reflects the socialist mindset: if they can’t win the debate, they bully you. If they can’t silence the Church on moral values, they use mandates and intimidation.”
The Forces of Love and Tolerance in Action...
Men and women are being beaten with bats and bike locks. They're being tear-gassed.
They're getting gang-tackled and stomped until they're covered in their own blood.
I returned to Netroots Nation today. At lunch, I went to listen to Elizabeth Warren’s speech and panel discussion. I wanted to ask her a few questions after her panel, which was entitled “2012 and the War on (and for) Women.”... As I was waiting, a woman noticed me (perhaps based on the Daily Kos posts about me) and brought it to the attention of others. Shortly following this, two security guards were placed between myself and the off-stage area.
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Character
Minutemen Project co-founder Jim Gilchrist spoke at Columbia University tonight. He tried to speak, that is. During his remarks, a mob of students stormed the stage and sabotaged the event.
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Violence, Character, Assault
Perle had just started his comments Thursday when a protester threw a shoe at him before being dragged away, screaming, "Liar! Liar!"
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Violence, Character, Fraud, Fascism, Terrorism
A number of conservative bloggers allege they have been targeted through the use of harassment tactics such as SWAT-ting (fooling 911 operators into sending emergency teams to their homes), in retaliation for posts they have written, and now Sen. Saxby Chambliss, R-Ga., has stepped into the matter. He has sent a letter to Attorney General Eric Holder urging him to investigate the SWAT-ting cases to see if federal laws have been violated.
"When you tear out a man's tongue, you are not proving him a liar, you're only telling the world that you fear what he might say."
Hypocrisy, Violence, Protest, Academia, Immigration, Vandalism
Protesters objecting to Tancredo's views on immigration shouted Tuesday as he tried to give a speech. Students smashed a window a few feet from where he stood and blocked his face with a banner that said, "No One Is Illegal."
The event was cut short due to broken glass and use of pepper spray by police.
Supporters of Proposition 8 in California have been subjected to harassment, intimidation, vandalism, racial scapegoating, blacklisting, loss of employment, economic hardships, angry protests, violence, at least one death threat, and gross expressions of anti-religious bigotry. Arguments for same-sex marriage are based fundamentally on the idea that limiting marriage to the union of husband and wife is a form of bigotry, irrational prejudice, and even hatred against homosexual persons.
Liberal, Crime, Incitement, Violence, Threats, Protest, Academia, Immigration, Vandalism
About 200 protesters reconvened outside the building. "We shut him down; no racists in our town," they shouted. "Yes, racists, we will fight, we know where you sleep at night!"
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Fascism
Two men ran up on stage last night and threw pies at conservative author Ann Coulter while she spoke in Centennial Hall. Coulter was speaking to a full house, answering questions from the audience when the men approached the stage.
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Fascism
Economist Milton Friedman was pied in the face on Friday night at a conference he organized on the privatization of public education. The incident occurred on October 9, at approximately 6:30 PM, immediately before former Secretary of State George Schultz was to deliver the keynote address to the conference titled, "School Choice and Corporate America." When it comes to defending the Earth from the corporate criminals, the pie's the limit!" said Al Decker, 27 year-old pie-thrower and concerned citizen.
Environmentalist, Liberal, Violence, Fascism
On September 5 the Danish statistician Bjørn Lomborg, author of The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the Real State of the World, sat down at a Borders bookstore in Oxford, England, to promote his controversial book. A pie was thrown in his direction. "I wanted to put a Baked Alaska in his smug face," said the perpetrator, "in solidarity with the native Indian and Eskimo people in Alaska."
Deputy District Attorney Patrick Frey, who blogs about his conservative political views, believes he was targeted last summer because of posts he wrote about a convicted bomber. A week after Frey received an email threat, a man who spoofed his telephone called 911 pretending to be him and claiming to have just killed his wife. The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Office dispatched a SWAT team to Frey’s Lomita home just south of Los Angeles—which is exactly what the caller had intended.
Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.) was pied in the face by an anti-war protester at a local appearance Monday, according to several Michigan media outlets. The chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee was speaking to the Mecosta County Democratic Party when a 23-year-old Michigan State University student began harassing him on his stance on foreign policy issues.
Liberal, Hate, Violence, Character
So, @AaronWorthing was just SWAT'd after winning in court today. Liberals: Silencing by any means necessary...even murder.
Liberal, Hate, Violence, Character
It happened around 6 p.m. Eastern. I briefly talked with one of the police officers at the scene, who confirmed that someone had called saying he had shot his wife, and sent officers to Aaron’s address. I just got off the phone with Aaron and he and his wife are a little shaken up but OK. The officers had machine guns but did not point them at Aaron. They were quickly able to determine it was a hoax.
Hypocrisy, Liberal, Hate, Violence, Guns, Tolerance
A suspect in the shooting of a security guard at the headquarters of a downtown D.C. conservative Christian lobbying firm criticized the group's anti-gay stance before opening fire, a source tells ABC7. The shooting took place at the offices of the Family Research Council... A source tells ABC7's Scott Thuman that the suspect is Floyd Corkin, 28, of Virginia. Sources say Corkin walked into the Family Research Council and said “It’s not about you, it’s about the policy,” and then shot the guard.
Gay Pride Beatdown of Christians
Liberal, Crime, Hate, Violence, Guns, Tolerance, Assault
WASHINGTON - A Virginia man has been charged in federal court in the shooting of a security guard at the headquarters of a conservative Christian lobbying group. Federal authorities say Floyd Lee Corkins II told a guard at the Family Research Council, "I don't like your politics" before shooting him in the arm. The guard and others helped subdue Corkins, who was taken into custody. He's been charged with assault with intent to kill and with bringing a firearm across state lines. Authorities found a box of ammunition and 15 Chick-fil-A sandwiches in his backpack.